The Emergence of Health Gaps in Early Life

The Emergence of Health Gaps in Early Life: A Dynamic Analysis of Three National Birth Cohorts (EGAL) is a French National Agency for Research (ANR)-funded project which aims to advance our understanding of health inequalities in France, the United Kingdom and the United States. We focus on early childhood as we consider that children’s early environment from the earliest moments of life is crucial for producing health inequalities later in life. Using fine, longitudinal data gives us a unique opportunity to assess the relationship between early experience of deprivation and child health and describe when and how early health inequalities begin across different national contexts and policy environments. Instead of using classic measures of disadvantage such as income poverty, we propose a dynamic, child-centred, multi-domain deprivation concept as a tool to better understand childhood disadvantage, which allows us to explore which dimensions most important for early health.


We gratefully acknowledge our funders:

French National Agency for Research (Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR)


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  • Izzy Park, Janko Ferlič, Edward Cisneros, Annie Spratt | Unsplash